The Bratislava Fecht tournament follows the ruleset of the Slovak Federation of HEMA (SFHEMA). The requirements for weapons and protective gear are similar to other international tournaments and are also recognized within the Czecho-Slovak HEMA league.

To ensure the maximum safety and comfort for all the participants we require every contestant to ensure their gear is compliant with the ruleset. If you are not sure if your equipment is compliant, please contact the organiser as soon as possible.

Requirements

Longsword – Protective gear

  • Every contestant is responsible for their equipment and in order to enter a tournament is required to use all parts of mandatory equipment. If an equipment is declared unsuitable or unfit and a contestant is unable to get a suitable substitute they may be prohibited from entering a tournament.
  • The mandatory equipment is controlled and checked by the referee of each fencing arena. A referee may require a contestant to change or adjust a part of his equipment in a time frame which won’t be longer than 5 minutes. If it is not possible for the contestant to comply within the set time frame, the contestant will be awarded a black card and won’t be able to continue in the respective tournament. All their fights will be declared a win for the opponent.
  • If an accident will occur and the sole reason of this accident will be unfit equipment, the responsibility lies on the referee who approved the contestant’s entry. The referee will be subjected to disciplinary proceedings and their license may be revoked.
  • A referee has the right to forbid a piece or a set of equipment which doesn’t comply with the prescribed norm.

Longsword – head

  1. An undamaged and fit mask which complies with FIE certification with the bib protection of 1600N is mandatory.
  2. Back of the head protection and cervical spine protection is mandatory
  3. A neck protector with a thick layer protecting the larynx is mandatory
  4. The bib of the mask must not roll up.
  5. If a contestant leans their head in every standard angle no unprotected part or skin must be visible.

Longsword – hands and torso protection

  1. Only special HEMA fencing gloves, thick lacrosse gloves or hockey gloves are allowed. All of them are to be subjected to individual control. It is forbidden to use pieces of metal on any place of the gloves.
  2. Gloves used in a tournament don’t need to have a thickened layer on the inside of the palm but the palm has to be covered at least by a simple glove or textile.
  3. The torso of the body must be protected with an undamaged fencing jacket or gambeson which is made of special hardened or thick material which prevents blade penetration and eases the blade impact. The jacket is subjected to control by the tournament staff and the arena referee. A fencing jacket must cover the armpits as well.
  4. Additional protection of the arms or elbows is required if the jacket doesn’t provide sufficient protection itself.
  5. Every part of the body must be covered. No open space must be left between the gloves and the jacket.
  6. An additional fencing plastron is mandatory for female contestants

Longsword – leg protection

  1. A groin protector is mandatory for every male contestant
  2. The knees and shins must be protected from the front and the sides as well
  3. Hips must be protected either with a fencing jacket or with padded pants
  4. Thighs and the upper legs must be protected with a FIE certified pants or other approved protection (Kevlar, aramid etc.)

Longsword – weapons

  • Only straight-bladed, European-type simulators are allowed in the tournament. The so-called fechtschwerts or fechtfeders are preferred. A longsword must consists of a blade with two edges, a cross-guard, a handle and a pommel. Longswords must be made of proper steel (no aluminum, plastic or wooden swords will be accepted) and comply with certain qualities, see below.
  • The blade must not bear signs of heavy damage, must not be bent, broken or ruptured. The edges must be round and blunt.
  • A blade may contain a wide ricasso, also known as schilt, which must have round and blunt edges.
  • The cross-guard must be straight and must be round at both ends. Additional suitable ring protection is allowed, but will be subjected to examination.
  • The pommel must be smooth and have no studs.
  • The flexibility of the blade is measured with a 1 kg heavy weight which is attached to the point of the blade with the sword held on a firm ground (e.g. a table etc.). The allowed flexibility is from 7-15%, where the individual figures mean the ratio of the deviation caused by the weight compared to the length of the blade in cm multiplied by 100.
  • The minimum width of the point is 1cm.
  • The point of the blade must be either flared or rounded to prevent potential penetration.
  • The point of balance of the sword cannot be more than 9cm away from the cross-guard.
  • The point of the sword must be covered by a red/white/blue tape for a better visibility.
  • The overall length of the sword must be within 120-140cm.
  • The weight of the sword must be between 1500 to 1800g.

Rapier – Protective gear

  1. Every contestant is responsible for their equipment and in order to enter a tournament is required to use all parts of mandatory equipment. If an equipment is declared unsuitable or unfit and a contestant is unable to get a suitable substitute they may be prohibited from entering a tournament.
  2. The mandatory equipment is controlled and checked by the referee of each fencing arena. A referee may require a contestant to change or adjust a part of his equipment in a time frame which won’t be longer than 5 minutes. If it is not possible for the contestant to comply within the set time frame, the contestant will be awarded a black card and won’t be able to continue in the respective tournament. All their fights will be declared a win for the opponent.
  3. If an accident will occur and the sole reason of this accident will be unfit equipment, the responsibility lies on the referee who approved the contestant’s entry. The referee will be subjected to disciplinary proceedings and their license may be revoked.
  4. A referee has the right to forbid a piece or a set of equipment which doesn’t comply with the prescribed norm.

Rapier – Head

  1. An undamaged and fit mask which complies with FIE certification with the bib protection of 1600N is mandatory.
  2. Back of the head protection and cervical spine protection is mandatory
  3. A neck protector with a thick layer protecting the larynx is mandatory
  4. The bib of the mask must not roll up.
  5. If a contestant leans their head in every standard angle no unprotected part or skin must be visible.

Rapier – Hands, arms and torso protection

  1. Special HEMA fencing gloves, sport fencing gloves, thick lacrosse gloves or hockey gloves are allowed. All of them are to be subjected to individual control. It is forbidden to use pieces of metal on any place of the gloves.
  2. A fencer using a cup hilt rapier or a rapier with a complex hilt doesn’t have to use a massive glove with the main weapon – a standard fencing glove will suffice. They should however have the rest of their forearm covered.
  3. If a fencer uses the dagger, he must protect it with a massive, specialized glove (see 5.2.1)
  4. Gloves used in a tournament don’t need to have a thickened layer on the inside of the palm but the palm has to be covered at least by a simple glove or textile.
  5. The torso of the body must be protected with an undamaged fencing jacket or gambeson which is made of special hardened or thick material which prevents blade penetration and eases the blade impact. The jacket is subjected to control by the tournament staff and the arena referee. A fencing jacket must cover the armpits as well.
  6. Additional protection of the arms or elbows is required if the jacket doesn’t provide sufficient protection itself.
  7. Every part of the body must be covered. No open space must be left between the gloves and the jacket.
  8. An additional fencing plastron is mandatory in the rapier competition.

Rapier – Leg protection

  1. A groin protector is mandatory for every male contestant.
  2. The knees and shins must be protected from the front and the sides as well.
  3. Hips must be protected either with a fencing jacket or with padded pants.
  4. Thighs and the upper legs must be protected with (at least) a FIE 350N certified pants or other approved protection (Kevlar, aramid etc.).

Rapier – Weapons

Rapier

  1. Only historical-like rapiers (e.g. simulators/replicas) with historical-like blades designed for competitive fencing are allowed. Modern sport-fencing blades (either for epee or foil) are not allowed.
  2. The length of the handle, hilt type (complex hilt, cup-hilt etc.) or the width of the cross are not limited. However the maximum length of the weapon must be 130cm.
  3. Cross must be rounded in its ends.
  4. The maximum allowed length of the rapier blade is 110cm (including the ricasso). The blade must be adequately flexible mainly from the mid to the point. The flexibility is measured by fixing a weight of 500g to the point; the point must be then angled at least 30 degrees compared to the horizontal blade.
  5. The weight of the rapier must be between 900 to 1300g.
  6. The blade must not bear signs of heavy damage, must not be bent, broken or ruptured. The edges must be round and blunt.
  7. The point of the blade must be blunt and rounded to prevent potential penetration. If the point is not adequately rounded, a rubber tip or other accessories should be used to make it safer. The main referee will then check and approve the weapon.
  8. The point of the rapier must be covered by a colored tape for a better visibility.

Sidearm – dagger

  1. A sidearm is allowed in the rapier tournament – namely a dagger. The dagger can be used for defensive purposes and its use is voluntary.
  2. By a sidearm we understand a dagger with one straight blade; daggers with multiple blades, special ricasso used for blade trapping or daggers with curved blades are forbidden
  3. The maximum length of the blade of the dagger is 45cm. The tip of the dagger must blunt and rounded. If the tip is not rounded, it should be covered with an additional rubber tip. Furthermore, the tip of the dagger must be covered by a colored tape.
  4. It is allowed to deflect and parry opponent’s attacks or to bind their rapier.
  5. It is forbidden to use the dagger for offensive purposes. An attack with the dagger will be penalized by a yellow card. In case the attack is exceedingly brutal, the referee may penalize it straight with a red card.
  6. It is forbidden to throw the dagger against an opponent. Such action will be immediately penalized by exclusion from the tournament.